By Nico Strydom
Social grants are administered by the South African Social Security Agency (Sassa).
How do social grants work?
There are seven types of grant. In all cases applicants must be South African citizens or refugees who live here permanently. By 2020 approximately 18,1 million South Africans will be receiving social grants. Applications for grants are made at Sassa offices countrywide. If an applicant is too old or too sick to travel to a Sassa office, a family member or friend may do it on their behalf. There are various options for paying out the grants.
Applicants must be 60 years or older, not be cared for in a state facility and may not be in receipt of another social grant. The beneficiary and his or her marriage partner (if married) must satisfy the requirements of the means test, which means that the income and assets of the applicant are evaluated to determine whether the person really has insufficient means to live on.
Applicants must be between the ages of 18 and 59, have been declared medically unfit, not be cared for in a state institution, satisfy the requirements of the means test and not be in receipt of another social grant.
War veteran grant
Applicants must be 60 years or older or be handicapped, have fought in World War II or the Korean War, satisfy the means test, not be cared for in a state institution and not be in receipt of another social grant.
Foster care grant
Applicants must prove foster care status by means of a court order and the child must live with the foster parent(s).
Care dependency grant
Applicants must be a parent, primary caregiver or foster parent and the child must be younger than 18 years. A medical report must be submitted to the effect that the child is handicapped and is being cared for permanently. The applicant and his or her spouse must satisfy the requirements of the means test and the child(ren) may not already be cared for permanently in a state institution.
Applicants must be the primary caregivers, the child(ren) must have been born after 31 December 1993, the applicant and spouse must satisfy the requirements of the means test, the applicant may not apply for more than six non-biological children and the child(ren) may not be in the care of a state institution.
Applicants must already be in receipt of an old-age, a disability or war veteran’s grant and require full-time residency by another person because of his or her physical or mental handicap. Applicants may not be living in a state institution where they receive state-supported care.